This is some real azz ish right here.. from Inside Jail
Men Raping Men; Why So Many Women Are Now HIV+
Men Giving Up and Taking The Booty – From Men.
Oh This is NO Joke Homie.. and This Saggin, He Breaks It Down.
“somebody’s gon have to give up some booty..”
This is from Inside Jackson Prison – in Michigan; the worlds’ largest walled prison. the rapes inside the walls of maximum security prison, are brutal. this documentary takes it to a face to face level. Man to Man. Dick to Ass.
“you’ll suck dick or they’ll slit your throat; then they’ll fuck you as they kill you..”
“You are either a Man or a Man Who Loves to Fuck Men, Admit it,”
Ladies, and Men – We Hope these videos have made you open your eyes, about that new Boo-Key-Boo Thug you wanna knock boots with; cause more than likely – he’s had some_other boots rockin, and you don’t wanna be the One Left Hangin, when the Dust Clears on This Bust It Baby.
Remember NO SCRUBS
Kick It TLC -
Don’t Be TOO FRIENDLY, For Your OWN SAKE
Welcome to Gladiator School Folks!
Thirty-eight percent of AIDS deaths in the USA have been among African Americans and of the more than 1 million people living with HIV in the United States of America today, nearly half are black. And yet, as a racial group, African Americans represent just 12% of the US population.
So why are African Americans so disproportionately affected by AIDS in America and how do African Americans themselves view the epidemic? And what is being done to limit the number of new cases of AIDS being identified in clinics across the country?
AIDS among African Americans
The first cases of AIDS among African Americans were identified in the early 1980s. Initially HIV and AIDS mainly affected gay men and intravenous drug users (IDUs) within the black community, much as it did in the rest of the population. However in 1983 the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) documented the first two cases of AIDS in women. Both women had acquired HIV through sex with an intravenous drug user. One of these women was Latina; the other was black.
From this point on, the AIDS epidemic began spreading rapidly amongst the African American population. Women were particularly seriously affected and by 1988, African Americans accounted for half of all AIDS cases identified in females in the US 1. Today, the figure stands at 67%.
Much of the problem in the early years, was the American media’s portrayal of AIDS as a disease of white gay men. Black Americans were given few reasons to believe that AIDS could affect them, even though black men made up a large proportion of the early cases of AIDS in the gay and bisexual community, and from the outset, black heterosexual adults and children were significantly more likely to be infected than whites 2.
One of the first groups to address this lack of awareness, and the general problems created by the AIDS epidemic in African Americans was the San Franciscan gay community group, Black and White Men Together (BWMT). BWMT was significant not only for giving rise to America’s first official black AIDS organisation, the National Task Force on AIDS Prevention, but for counting Reggie Williams as one of its members. Williams was one of the first gay black AIDS activists, and worked for many years to document deaths and raise awareness of AIDS in the black homosexual community. It was his successful lobbying that eventually led the CDC to issue its first ever grant for HIV prevention targeted at black gay men in 1988 3.
Another area that has received considerable attention in recent years is the phenomenon of being ‘on the down low’. This is where black men, who identify as straight and have a female partner, have sex with other men in secret. In the vast majority of cases, the woman in the relationship will be unaware of her partner’s activities.
Homosexuality is highly stigmatised in many black communities, and in a community that is already discriminated against by the general population, few black men want to acquire the extra stigma of being gay. It is also decried by the majority of black churches (and the Christian religion in general), who see homosexuality as a sin. A combination of these factors causes many black men to keep their sexuality a secret. One man interviewed by the San Francisco Chronicle in 2005, told reporters that the terms ‘homosexual’ or ‘gay’ are rarely used by black men on the down low:
“Gays to me were white men. The brothers that I hung out with, we never called ourselves gay. We just liked men. One brother asked me where my girlfriend was. I told him I didn’t have a girlfriend because I’m gay. Yet he was still like, ‘so why don’t you have a girlfriend?’ He thought I should have a girlfriend as a front.” 13 Blue Buddha, San Francisco Chronicle, 02 May 2006
Being on the down low can put both men and their partners at high risk of HIV. Exact figures on the number of men on the down low are hard to come by, but what is certain is that the secretive nature of the practice may mean many miss out on prevention strategies that are aimed at openly gay, or indeed at straight black men.
Around one in ten African American men in their twenties and thirties is currently in prison 15, and if current trends continue, experts estimate that a third of black males born today will spend time in prison at some point in their lives 16.
In 2005, researchers at the University of California at Berkley published a study 17 showing that the increasing rate of HIV in heterosexuals, particularly women, closely tracked the increasing rate of incarceration among black men during the 1980s and early 1990s. A variety of research has shown men in prison to be at high risk of HIV, so their theory was that many black men became infected in jail and then went on to infect their female partners upon release. So convinced were they by this research, that they claimed that it almost entirely explained the disproportionate rate of HIV in African Americans.
A recent CDC study 18 has however found that the vast majority of men are actually infected before they are imprisoned, suggesting that the rate of transmission within prisons is perhaps not as great as the UC Berkley evidence implies. Nonetheless, it remains an important piece of research in helping to understand the epidemic.
Further discussion of the different groups that are affected by AIDS within the black community can be found on our African American HIV & AIDS statistics page.
Why are African Americans so severely affected by HIV & AIDS?
Many suggestions have been made about why African Americans are so adversely affected by HIV and AIDS. Some ideas have received more publicity than others, but it seems unlikely that any one theory can fully explain the severity of the epidemic. Some of the more common explanations include:
Poverty is often the first reason given to explain the African American epidemic, much as it is in many parts of sub-Saharan Africa.
Historically, poverty amongst African Americans can largely be blamed on slavery, and the legacy of racism, deprivation, disenfranchisement and lack of education that it left in its wake. An average black American is approximately eight times poorer than his or her white counterpart 5, and according to 2002 US census data 6, 8.1 million black Americans were living in poverty in 2002; 23% of the African American population as a whole.
But of course poverty does not cause HIV and AIDS directly. The link is created by the disadvantages and desperation associated with having very little money.
Poverty and a disadvantaged upbringing often cause young people to drop out of school early, preventing them gaining access to well-paid and stable employment or causing them to lose a sense of self-worth and be drawn into illegal or socially unacceptable activities (such as drug use) that may put them at direct risk of HIV.
Poverty can also force people, particularly women, to use sex as a form of payment or as a way to earn money. A study by the National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy 7 found that a significant number of young African American women partake in ‘transactional sex’ relationships with older men to secure gifts, money or greater financial security. Often a woman in such a relationship will not be in a position to dictate condom use, making it more likely she could become infected with HIV herself, or that she could pass HIV on to her partner if she already has it.
Lack of access to healthcare
Healthcare in the US is principally funded through private insurance payments. This either means that those who cannot afford insurance have to be insured by the government through state Medicare or Medicaid schemes (see our AIDS in America page for more details) or that they remain uninsured altogether and have to pay for every individual treatment or consultation they receive.
This inability to pay, accompanied by a general suspicion of the medical profession and hospitals, means a significant number of African Americans do not visit a hospital or doctor until they are seriously ill. This can have consequences for HIV prevention, because it means many will avoid taking an HIV test until it is clear that there is something seriously wrong. By this point, an individual may have had unprotected sex with numerous people, because they were unaware of their infection and the need to use condoms. HIV negative people may miss out on the information and advice provided by doctors about HIV if they never go to a clinic.
A failure to access medical services and take an HIV test can also have a detrimental effect on the health of the individual concerned. Studies 8 have found that the risk of death from AIDS is around seven times greater amongst HIV+ black people than amongst HIV+ whites, principally because black people are usually diagnosed with HIV much later and are less likely to receive antiretroviral treatment once they are diagnosed. AIDS is now the leading cause of death in black women aged 25 to 34 9.
Access to treatment is a significant issue. Two thirds of African Americans rely on publicly funded programmes such as Medicaid to be able to finance their treatment, compared to 50% of HIV+ people as a whole. African Americans also feature significantly in the Ryan White CARE Act ‘ADAP’ (AIDS Drugs Assistance Programme) which provides drugs to those who do not qualify for Medicaid or Medicare, but cannot afford private health insurance. Some 60% of people who receive drugs through ADAP are from an ethnic minority (principally African American). However, funding for ADAP (and the Ryan White CARE act in general) has not kept up with demand, and several states have experienced substantial waiting lists for treatment. For any person diagnosed with AIDS, having to wait for drugs could effectively be a death sentence. In Alabama for example, where African Americans make up 63% of AIDS cases, the number of HIV+ people on the ADAP waiting list peaked at 565 in June 2005 10. This total has since dropped significantly but unless ADAP funding is increased substantially, waiting lists are likely to persist in many states.
Access to drugs is also an issue for pregnant HIV+ women. With the correct antiretroviral treatment and care, the risk of an HIV+ woman passing HIV on to her baby is less than 2%. If she does not access medical services during her pregnancy or labour however, or remains undiagnosed, the risk of her infecting her baby is much higher. Of the estimated 145 infants infected during pregnancy, labour or through breastfeeding in 2004, 105 (73%) were African American.
Recent declines in new infections and declarations of commitment from black leaders are encouraging, and there are now strong guidelines on the key areas of development needed to tackle AIDS in the black community.33 Much more remains to be done however, particularly in groups that are in the grip of an expanding epidemic, such as those living in rural areas in the South and black gay and bisexual men.
Tackling AIDS in African Americans is also not just about preventing and treating HIV: it is about combating stigma (both against HIV+ people and homosexuals), fighting racism and improving the general social and economic conditions for African Americans nationwide. Only by addressing all of these issues can Americans hope to change the general environment that contributes to HIV affecting African Americans so disproportionately.